🔼The name Lo-ammi: Summary
- Not My People
- From (1) the common particle of negation, לא (lo'), "no" or "not", and (2) the noun עם ('am), people.
🔼The name Lo-ammi in the Bible
The name Lo-ammi occurs twice in the Bible, both times in the Book of Hosea (Hosea 1:9, 2:23), although the second occurrence of this name is more narrative than nominative.
Lo-ammi's older brother's name was Jezreel, and their sister was Lo-ruhamah.
🔼Etymology of the name Lo-ammi
The name Lo-ammi obviously consists of two elements. The first element is the word לא (lo'), the common particle of negation: no or without:
The particle לא (lo') or לוא (lo') is the primary particle of prohibition. It's used in prohibitive commands (thou shalt not), and is non-negotiable. It also serves as a particle of exclusion, which absolutely negates whatever follows: "not my people" means "absolutely totally not my people".
The particle לו (lu) or לוא (lu') is a minor particle of entreaty, and means "if only it were."
The second part of our name is the noun עם ('am), meaning people:
The verb עמם ('mm) probably expressed to be inclusive or comprehensive. Its rare uses in the Bible relate to making secrets or making info available to an in-crowd. Preposition עם ('im) means 'with', מעם (me'im) means 'from', and עמה ('umma) means 'beside'. Noun עם ('am) means a people, ranging from all of mankind to the in-crowd of a small village. Noun עם ('am) refers to one's (paternal) kinsman.
The letter י (yod) upon which our name ends has the function of making a possessive form out of the noun עם: my people.
For a meaning of the name Lo-ammi, both NOBSE Study Bible Name List and BDB Theological Dictionary read Not My People. For no discernable reason, Alfred Jones (Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) decides to utilize a double possessive and proposes Not Of My People.