Etymology • 
& Meaning • 

Hebrew • 
Greek • 
Bible • 
Names • 

Biblical Names   Copyright   Author

Meaning and etymology of the name Ari, Arieh

Ari Ari Arieh Arieh

The name Ari occurs both in Hebrew and in Greek; see below for a look at the Greek Ari.

The Hebrew name Arieh occurs only once in the Bible (although twice more in the compound Ariel and once in the compound Areli). Arieh is a guard who is killed along with king Pekahiah of Israel and a fellow guard named Argob. The assassin's name is Pekah, a royal officer who is helped by fifty men from Gilead. Pekah subsequently becomes king.

The name Arieh is equal to the common Hebrew noun Arieh ('aryeh), lion. The name Ari or Arie is equal to the Hebrew noun Ari (ari), meaning lion as well. According to HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament 'these are two of seven words which are translated lion in the Old Testament. There is no demonstrable difference between the two.'

Lions feature in the Bible as the proverbial ferocious animal (Judges 14:5, 1 Samuel 17:34, Proverbs 22:13), as metaphor for the destructive power of God (Isaiah 38:13, Lam 3:10), or enemies (Jeremiah 49:19, Joel 1:6, also see 1 Peter 5:8).

Both forms Ari and Arieh are masculine nouns derived from the Hebrew verb ara (arah), pluck, gather. This verb occurs a mere two times: Song of Solomon 5:1, "I have gathered my myrrh...," and Psalm 80:12, " that all who pass that way pluck its fruit." But these two occasions are enough to derive the fundamental meaning of the Biblical lion: that of gatherer, and predominantly a gatherer of food to eat.

A second derivation of the verb ara is the feminine noun Arieh ('urya), manger or crib; the item around which animals gather to eat (horses: 1 Kings 4:26, or cattle in general 2 Chronicles 32:28).
Together with the feminine name Deborah and its masculine counterpart Dabar, the feminine word 'urya and the maculine name Arie form the gender-inverted self-similarity between the bee-in-the-lion of Judges 14:8 and the Word-in-the-crib of the Christmas story (for more details see our Introduction to Scripture Theory).

The Hebrew name Ari, Arie or Arieh means Lion or Gatherer. This secondary meaning relates the name Arie to the names Qoheleth and Agur.

Ari Ari

The Greek name Ari shows up mostly as an abbreviated form of Aristotle, Aristotle. That name comes from the Greek word arete, arete, which denotes excellence.

Paul uses this word in Philippians 4:8, "Finally, brethern, whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is of good repute, if there is any excellence and if anything worthy of praise, let your mind dwell on these things."

In the New Testament the Greek name Ari occurs only in compound names: Aristarchus (Acts 19:29, Colossians 4:10), meaning The Best Ruler, and Aristobulus (Romans 16:10), meaning The Best Counselor.

In Greek name Ari means The Best.



•Look for baby names
•Augment your Hebrew language study
•Deepen your knowledge of the Bible
•Enrich your cruise to or travel holiday in Israel