🔼The name Asriel in the Bible
The name Asriel occurs three times in the Bible. He is mentioned as a son of Gilead, son of Machir, son of Manasseh, and the progenitor of the sub-tribe of the Asrielites (אשראלי, Numbers 26:31, Joshua 17:2). According to the Chronicler, Asriel's (great-grand-)mother was an Aramean concubine (1 Chronicles 7:14).
🔼Etymology of the name Asriel
The name Asriel consists of two elements, the final one being אל (El), the prominent Canaanite deity, whose name became applied to the God of Israel, or the common abbreviation of Elohim, the genus God:
The origin of the first part of our name is disputed. The Masoretes pointed its letter ש as שׂ, but the word אשׂר doesn't exist in Hebrew (as far as we know). But אשׂר possibly sounded like אסר ('asar) meaning to bind (see our article on the name Masoretes), so some commentators feel that the name אשריאל should really read אסריאל.
Here at Abarim Publications we rather go with the way our name was spelled in stead of how the Masoretes interpreted it, which means that the first part of our name comes more probably from the verb אשר ('ashar), meaning to go straight or to be happy:
The letter י (yod) that sits between these two elements probably serves to form a possessive form out of the asher-part: my joy, or joy of.
For a meaning of the name Asriel, NOBSE Study Bible Name List goes with אשר ('ashar) and reads God Has Filled With Joy. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names goes with אסר ('asar and proposes Vow Of God. BDB Theological Dictionary does not offer an interpretation of this name.