Ephrath is the name of a city in Judah, usually known as Bethlehem-Ephratah (Micah 5:2) and also known as just Ephrathah (Ruth 4:11). It is famous for being the birthplace of Benjamin and subsequent death of Rachel (Genesis 35:16). Ephrath is also the name of one of the wives of Caleb, the son of Hezron (1 Chronicles 2:19).
The name Ephrath comes from the same root as Ephraim, namely (para), meaning to bear fruit or be fruitful. This verb is used to indicate the fruitfulness of plants (Isaiah 32:12) but mostly the reproductive qualities of animals and people (Genesis 8:17, Exodus 23:30). This verb yields the derivation (peri), meaning fruit (Genesis 1:12).
For a meaning of the name Ephrath, NOBS Study Bible Name List reads Fruitfulness. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads Fruitful.
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