🔼The name Piram in the Bible
The name Piram occurs only once in the Bible. He is mentioned as one of the Amorite kings who entered into an alliance with Adoni-zedek, king of Jerusalem at the time of Israel's invasion of Canaan (Joshua 10:3).
After the Israelites had sacked Jericho and Ai and were tricked into a pact with the Gibeonites, Adoni-zedek of Jerusalem became nervous and sent word to kings Hoham of Hebron, Piram of Jarmuth, Japhia of Lachish and Debir of Eglon in order to march on Gibeon and win it back. The Gibeonites warned Joshua, and what followed became known as the First Battle of Beth-horon, during which YHWH Himself pelted the enemy with stones from heaven (Joshua 10:11) and the sun stood still at Gibeon and the moon in the valley of Aijalon (Joshua 10:12-13).
While their armies were getting slaughtered, the five kings made a run for it and hid in the cave of Makkedah (10:16), from where they were subsequently retrieved after the battle. The five kings were publicly humiliated, executed and hanged on trees, after which Israel went after the king and people of Makkedah and killed them too (10:28).
The Second Battle of Beth-horon was fought in 66 AD, between Jewish rebels and the Romans, as the first major battle of the Great Jewish Revolt. This revolt ultimately resulted in general Titus' destruction of the temple of YHWH in 70 AD, and the dispersal of the Jews. The fall of Jerusalem and the loss of the temple became central themes in the greater Jewish discussion on God's covenant, which in turn resulted in the colossal spread of the gospel of Jesus Christ.
🔼Etymology of the name Piram
The name Piram probably derives from the noun פרא (pere'), denoting the wild donkey:
For a meaning of the name Piram, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Indomitable (= can't be domesticated) and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes Like A Wild Ass. BDB Theological Dictionary does not offer an interpretation of this name.