🔼The name Gihon in the Bible
There are two Gihons mentioned in the Bible. The first Gihon is Eden's river number two (the others are Pishon, Haddakel and Parat). Of this river it is said that it flows around the whole land of Cush (Genesis 2:13).
The second Gihon mentioned in the Bible is a place near Jerusalem where Solomon was anointed king (1 Kings 1:33-45; in 1 Kings 1 this name is spelled גחון). Apparently this Gihon was some kind of waterway, as king Hezekiah rerouted its course (2 Chronicles 32:30).
🔼Etymology of the name Gihon
The name Gihon is derived from the verb גיח (giah) meaning to burst forth:
HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament calls the river the Gusher, or Bubbler, although 'Bubbler' seems a bit too tame. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads Great Breaking Forth (Of Waters), but that seems a bit over the top. NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Bursting Forth.
Here at Abarim Publications we surmise that geographically the Gihon corresponds with the Great Rift Valley of Ethiopia.