🔼The name Shobab in the Bible
There are two men named Shobab in the Bible:
- A son of king David and Bathsheba; one of the three full brothers of Solomon (2 Samuel 5:14, 1 Chronicles 3:5, 14:4).
- One of three sons of Caleb, son of Hezron of Judah, by either his wife Azubah or else someone named Jerioth (1 Chronicles 2:18). See our article on the name Jerioth for more on this conundrum.
🔼Etymology of the name Shobab
There are two ways to look at this name. It might be a facsimile of the adjective שובב (shobab) meaning backsliding. But it could also be a certain form of this adjective's root-verb שוב (shub), meaning to turn back or to return, and in particular the kind that doubles the final consonant:
For a meaning of the name Shobab, NOBSE Study Bible Name List chooses for the last option and reads Returning. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names initially goes with the adjective and reads Backsliding, but Jones also lists the verb-option, for which he reads Brought Back. BDB Theological Dictionary does not interpret this name but does list it under the verb שוב (shub).