🔼The name Ain in the Bible
There are two separate towns named Ain in the Bible:
- A location in the east of Canaan, which served as a marker for the border of Israel's territory (Numbers 34:11).
- A town initially allotted to Judah when Joshua divided Canaan among the tribes (Joshua 15:32). When the tribe of Simeon was assigned territory within the area occupied by Judah, the city of Ain went to Simeon (Joshua 19:7). Then, when the Levites were assigned their cities, Ain befell the Kohathites (Joshua 21:16). The name Rimmon is often mentioned in conjunction with Ain, and it may be that the town Nehemiah calls En-rimmon (Nehemiah 11:29) is the same as Ain and Rimmon together.
🔼Etymology of the name Ain
The name Ain is identical to the noun עין ('ayin), which means both eye and fountain:
For a meaning of the name Ain, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Spring and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has Fountain. BDB Theological Dictionary does not translate this name.