🔼The name Elizabeth in the Bible
Elizabeth is a Levite, like her husband, and the cousin of Mary, the mother of Jesus (Luke 1:36). Jesus was the legal son of Joseph (literally: son-by-law), and that makes Him legally a man of Judah, as the prophets said He would be (Genesis 49:10, Micah 5:2), but since His mother was kin to Elizabeth, a Levite, it stands to reason that His human genes were Levite, and that makes Him a Levite by descent. And this is a good thing, or else He wouldn't be allowed to be a priest, let alone a High Priest (Hebrews 5).
🔼Etymology of the name Elizabeth
The Greek name Elizabeth, or rather, the Hebrew name Elisheba, consists of two parts. The first part is אל (El), either the prominent Canaanite deity whose name became applied to the God of Israel, or the common abbreviation of Elohim, the genus God:
The second part is identical to the name Sheba II, and comes from either שבע (sheba), meaning seven, or שבע (shaba), meaning oath, swear, adjure:
When we project a mere quantity between six and eight upon the word שבע, and then state that God is שבע we are at odds with monotheistic doctrine. But in all its width and depth that same statement encompasses some of the most splendid and mysterious Biblical truths. Elisheba is a truly daring name and certainly among the most beautiful in the Bible.
The name Elisheba/ Elizabeth means God Is Seven and God Is Oath, which is not all that strange. Read our article on the root group אלה for a look at the close relationship between the words אל (El), and the verb אלה ('ala), meaning to swear.
Another Biblical name with two meanings, one of which having to do with a number, is Gethsemane.