🔼The name Gabbatha in the Bible
The name Gabbatha occurs only once in the Bible. It's the name of the location where Pontius Pilate had his judgment seat, also known as Lithostrotos, meaning stone-strewn (John 19:13). Pilate tried to reason with the Jews with the objective to let Jesus go, but was left little choice when they began to evoke Caesar's sovereignty. It was from Gabbatha that Pilate delivered Jesus to be crucified (John 19:16).
🔼Etymology of the name Gabbatha
The name Gabbatha comes from a plural form of the word גב (gab), meaning elevation:
The name Gabbatha literally means Place Of Elevations, and was probably named such because it described an elevated podium. Why John stressed the Hebrew name of this place (which in meaning obviously differs from its Greek name) isn't clear, but perhaps he meant to make a covert reference to the battle of Gibbethon, at which the unrightful king Jeroboam was killed (1 Kings 15:27-28), or the proverbially awful atrocities committed at Gibeath which resulted in the decimation of the tribe of Benjamin (Judges 19), or perhaps the chain of events that started with the temporary storage of the Ark at the house of Abinadab at Kiriath-jearim slash Gibeath, and ended with the atonement-sacrifice of the two sons of Rizpah and the five sons of Merab at Gibeath of Saul (2 Samuel 21:6).