Abinadab meaning | Abinadab etymology

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Abinadab in Biblical Hebrew
Biblical male character
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The name Abinadab in the Bible

The name Abinadab is assigned three times in the Bible, all in the same era:

The first Abinadab we meet in the Bible is the man from Kiriath-jearim who is assigned to keep the Ark of the Covenant in his house (1 Samuel 7:1), after it comes back from the Philistines, and after its brief stay in Beth-shemesh where 50,070 die when some take a look inside it (1 Samuel 6:19). Abinadab's son Eleazar is consecrated to guard the Ark. The Ark of the Covenant would stay in Kiriath-jearim for twenty years, which was such a long time that 'the house of Israel lamented after the Lord' (v2).

Much later, king David decides to move the Ark of the Covenant to Israel's capital Jerusalem (2 Samuel 6) and Abinadab's two other sons Uzzah and Ahio are in charge of the cart. When Uzzah touches the Ark to keep it from falling, God strikes him dead (v7). Disheveled and angry, king David leaves the Ark in the house of Obed-edom of Gath.

Other Abinadabs are:

  • The second son of Jesse, who is also the father of king David (1 Chronicles 2:13).
  • A son of king Saul (1 Chronicles 8:33).

Etymology of the name Abinadab

The name Abinadab consists of two elements. The first element is the familiar word אב (ab), meaning father:

Abarim Publications Theological Dictionary

The second part of the name Abinadab comes from the Hebrew verb נדב (nadab), meaning to make willing, incite:

Abarim Publications Theological Dictionary

Abinadab meaning

For a meaning of the name Abinadab, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads The Father Is Generous and BDB Theological Dictionary proposes My Father Is Noble. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names offers Father Of Nobility or Father Of Liberality.

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