🔼The name Jethro in the Bible
Jethro is the father of Zipporah, the first wife of Moses. Jethro is also known by the very similar name Jether (Exodus 4:18) and the completely different name Reuel (Exodus 2:18), although Reuel is probably the name of Jethro's tribe or patriarch (see Numbers 10:29).
Jethro is a priest in Midian (that's in Arabia), but his allegiance to the God of Israel becomes evident only after the obvious success of the latter (Exodus 18:11). In this sense Jethro is very different from the other famous, non-Abrahamic priest Melchizedek.
As a major tributary to Israel's legislative organization, Jethro gives Israel not only its signature judicial system, he also introduces the idea that every man should personally be aware of the law (Exodus 18:20). This is of course the very principle that makes Jesus a personal savior rather than some distant national liberator.
🔼Etymology of the name Jethro
The name Jethro comes from the Hebrew root יתר (yatar) meaning to remain over, or be a rest:
For a meaning of the name Jethro, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Excellent; Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads His Excellence.
Here at Abarim we propose Remnant, followed by a long silence...