🔼The name Abiathar in the Bible
Abiathar — son of Ahimelech, son of Ahitub, son of Phinehas, son of Eli, the high priest who raised Samuel — is a priest during the time of the first few kings of Israel. He survives Saul's massacre of Nob and joins David (1 Samuel 22:20) but supports Adonijah's illegitimate coronation (1 Kings 1:7). King Solomon disposes of him, making Abiathar the last priest in the line of Eli (1 Samuel 2:33, 1 Kings 2:27). Abiathar is mentioned by Jesus in Mark 2:26, where his name is spelled Αβιαθαρ.
🔼Etymology of the name Abiathar
The name Abiathar consists of two elements. The first part of the name Abiathar comes from the familiar word אב, meaning father:
The second part of the name Abiathar comes from the magnificent root יתר, meaning to remain or be a rest of some larger collective:
For a meaning of the name Abiathar, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Father Of Preeminence. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads Father Of Plenty. BDB Theological Dictionary reads The Great One Is Father.