🔼The name Abital in the Bible
Abital is one of king David's lesser known wives. She's mentioned only once in 2 Samuel 3:4 and once in the mirror text of 1 Chronicles 3:3. We don't know where she is from or who her parents are. All we know is that she is the mother of David's fifth son Shephatiah.
🔼Etymology of the name Abital
The name Abital consists of two elements. The first part comes from the common word אב (ab), meaning father:
The letter yod probably turns the word ab into a possessive form: אבי (abi), meaning either my father or father of, depending on the context.
The second part of the name Abital comes from the verb טלל (tll), probably meaning rain or drizzle:
For a meaning of the name Abital, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads The Father Is Dew and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads Father Of Dew. BDB Theological Dictionary sees the yod between the words ab and tal as possessive and reads My Father Is (The) Dew.
This name is rather poetic and may seem somewhat odd, but a kindred and slightly odder name is Hamutal, meaning My Father-In-Law Is The Dew.