🔼The name Atroth-beth-joab in the Bible
The name Atroth-beth-joab occurs just once in the Bible. In 1 Chronicles 2:54 he is listed among the "sons" of Salma of Judah. The other "sons" of Salma (also see 1 Chronicles 2:51) are all cities and peoples, and it seems likely that Atroth-beth-joab is not a personal name but a town either ran by Salma or else peopled by his descendants.
🔼Etymology of the name Atroth-beth-joab
The name Atroth-beth-joab obviously consists of three parts. The first part is a plural form of the noun עטרה, meaning crown:
The second part of our name is the familiar word בית (bayit or beth in compounds), meaning house:
And the third part of our name is equal to the name Joab, which in turn consists of:
- The appellative יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu); abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHWH, or Yahweh.
- The word אב ('ab), meaning father:
For a meaning of the name Atroth-beth-joab, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads Crowns Of The Family Of Joab or even more complete: Crowns Of The Family Of Him To Whom Jehovah Is Father.
Neither NOBSE Study Bible Name List nor BDB Theological Dictionary discusses this name.