Eliab meaning | Eliab etymology

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Eliab in Biblical Hebrew
Biblical male character
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The name Eliab in the Bible

The name Eliab is assigned six times in the Bible. Most famous is Eliab the first born son of Jesse, the father of David (1 Samuel 16:6).

Other Eliabs are:

  • A son of Helon and the chief of Zebulun during the first part of the wilderness years (Numbers 7:24).
  • A Reubenite, whose sons Abiram and Dathan die during the insurrection of Korah (Numbers 16:1).
  • A Levite from the Kohath family (1 Chronicles 6:27); the great-grandfather of Samuel who may also be called Eliel (1 Chronicles 6:34), and Elihu (1 Samuel 1:1).
  • A Gadite counted among David's mighty-men (1 Chronicles 12:9).
  • A Levite musician (1 Chronicles 15:20).

Etymology of the name Eliab

The name Eliab consists of two elements. The first part is the word אל (El), either the prominent Canaanite deity whose name became applied to the God of Israel, or the common abbreviation of Elohim, the genus God:

Abarim Publications Theological Dictionary

The letter yod may serve in this name to make the word El possessive: my God

The second part is the common Hebrew word אב (ab), basically meaning father:

Abarim Publications Theological Dictionary

Eliab meaning

For a meaning of the name Eliab, NOBSE Study Bible Name List and BDB Theological Dictionary both read God Is Father. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes My God Is Father.

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