🔼The name Abigail in the Bible
The Hebrew name Abigail belongs to two women in the Bible, and both are associated with David; one is his sister (1 Chronicles 2:16), the other becomes his wife after the death of her husband Nabal (1 Samuel 25:42).
The name of sister Abigail is alternatively spelled אביגל. The name of wife Abigail is alternatively spelled אביגיל, אבוגיל and אביגל. Sister Abigail becomes the mother of Amasa, the commander of the army of Judah.
🔼Etymology of the name Abigail
The name Abigail consists of two elements. The first element is the word אב (ab), meaning father:
The second element of the name Abigail comes from the Hebrew root גיל (gil), meaning to rejoice or be glad:
The name Abigail means Father Of Exultation (Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names), The Father Is Joyful (NOBSE Study Bible Name List), or My Father Is Joy (BDB Theological Dictionary).