🔼The name Azariah in the Bible
The name עזריה (Azariah) or the slightly expanded but essentially the same name עזריהו (Azariahu) is among the most popular in the Bible. The Old Testament counts no fewer than 21 individuals with that name. Most famously is one of the three friends of Daniel, whose name was Azariah but who was given the Babylonian name Abed-nego (Daniel 1:7).
Other Azariahs are:
- A great-grandson of Judah and Tamar (1 Chronicles 2:8).
- A grandson of Obed (1 Chronicles 2:38).
- A son of another Obed, also spelled Azariahu (2 Chronicles 15:1).
- A son of yet another Obed, also spelled Azariahu (2 Chronicles 23:1).
- A Kohathite in the time of David (1 Chronicles 6:36).
- A son of Zadok, a high priest during the reign of Solomon — spelled Azariahu (1 Kings 4:2).
- A son of Nathan, an officer under Solomon, also spelled Azariahu (1 Kings 4:5).
- A son of high priest Ahimaaz during Rehoboam (1 Chronicles 6:9).
- One of the two sons of Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 21:2).
- Another name of Ahaziah, king of Judah (2 Chronicles 22:6 — some translations simply say Ahaziah but the Hebrew reads Azariahu).
- A son of Jeroham (2 Chronicles 23:1).
- A son of Johanan (Ezra 7:3).
- A son of Amaziah, king of Judah (called Azariahu in 2 Kings 15:6 and עזיה, Uzziah in 2 Kings 15:13).
- Azariahu, a high priest during the reign of king Uzziah (2 Chronicles 26:17).
- A son of another Johanan during the reign of king Ahaz (2 Chronicles 28:12).
- A high priest during the reign of king Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 31:10).
- A son of Joel during the reign of king Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:12)
- A son of Hilkiah (Ezra 7:1).
- The last high priest before the exile to Babylon (Nehemiah 7:7).
- One of the spokesmen, a.k.a. Jezaniah, who oppose Jeremiah (Jeremiah 43:2).
- A man among the first of the rabbis (Nehemiah 8:7).
🔼Etymology of the name Azariah
The name Azariah or Azariahu consists of two elements. The first part comes from the verb עזר (azar), meaning to help or support:
The final bit of the name Azariah is formed from the appellative יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton; the name of the Lord: YHWH.
The name Azariah means Helped Of God (Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names), or Yahweh Has Helped (NOBSE Study Bible Name List, BDB Theological Dictionary), or more commonly The Lord Has Helped (HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament).