🔼The name Azgad in the Bible
There's only one Azgad in the Bible. He's listed among the family heads who return to Jerusalem and environs along with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:12). Ezra reports him to have come with 1222 family members (among whom Johanan, son of Hakkatan — Ezra 8:12), but Nehemiah counts 2322 (Nehemiah 7:17). Azgad is also listed among the leaders who sign Nehemiah's statement through which Israel binds itself to the service of YHWH (Nehemiah 10:15).
🔼Etymology of the name Azgad
The name Azgad consists of two recognizable elements. The first part of the name comes from the Hebrew verb עזז ('azaz), meaning to be strong:
The second part of the name Azgad is identical to the name Gad and comes from the verb גדד (gadad), meaning to cut or invade:
The name Gad is commonly translated with Fortune, but more correct would be Harrowing Fortune. Preceded with the word for strength, this marvelously beautiful name seems to reflect what James writes, "Consider it all joy, my brethren, when you encounter various trials, knowing that the testing of your faith produces endurance (James 1:2-3).
For a meaning of the name Azgad, BDB Theological Dictionary reads Gad Is Mighty. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads Strong In Fortune. And NOBSE Study Bible Name List offers an unusually creative Fate Is Hard.