& Meaning •
Meaning and etymology of the name Hadoram
There are three people called Hadoram in the Bible. One is a son of Joktan, who is a brother of Peleg and a son of Eber (Genesis 10:27). Another Hadoram is the son of king Tou of Hamath, who sends him to king David to salute his victory over Hadezer, king of Zobah (1 Chronicles 18:10). The third Hadoram (whose name is spelled slightly different: ) is king Rehoboam's unfortunate chief of forced labor (the Israelites stone him to death - 2 Chronicles 10:18).
The meaning of the name Hadoram is somewhat disputed, although it is clear that the name consists of two segments. NOBS Study Bible Name List and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names both suggest that the second part has to do with (rum) meaning to be high, lofty, rise up.
NOBS Study Bible Name List suggests that the first part is a name itself, Hadar, but does not treat that name. Their conclusion: Hadar Is Exhalted.
Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names sees more in (dor) meaning generation, from the verb (dur) to heap up, dwell. His conclusion: A Noble Generation.
Then there is (hed), a shout. And (hada), stretch out, from which comes the name , generally translated with India (Est 1:1). Hence the name Hadoram also means Shout High, or High Indian.
All very well, thinks BDB Theological Dictionary, and lists (Rehoboam's officer) under the verb (hadar), to honor, adorn or glorify. Derivative (heder) means splendor, (hadar) means ornament, and (hadarah) means adornment, glory. Especially the noun (hadar) is a marvelous word, "most frequently  applied to either (a) the king and his royal majesty, or (b) to God himself" (HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament ).
Two out of three Biblical Hadorams are related to a king, so it's a good bet that the name Hadoram is based on the verb hadar, and means either Exalted Glory, or (seen as a plural) Honors/ Splendors/ Ornaments.
Other names derived of the verb rum are
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