🔼The name Hadoram in the Bible
There are three people called Hadoram in the Bible:
- A son of Joktan, who is a brother of Peleg and a son of Eber (Genesis 10:27).
- The son of king Tou of Hamath. King Tou sends Hadoram and all kinds of wonderful gifts to king David to salute his victory over Hadadezer, king of Zobah (1 Chronicles 18:10).
- The third Hadoram (whose name is spelled slightly different: הדרם) is king Rehoboam's unfortunate chief of forced labor (the Israelites stone him to death — 2 Chronicles 10:18).
🔼Etymology and meaning of the name Hadoram
The meaning of the name Hadoram is somewhat disputed, although it is clear that the name consists of two segments. NOBSE Study Bible Name List and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names both suggest that the second part has to do with רום (rum) meaning to be high or lofty:
NOBSE Study Bible Name List suggests that the first part is a name itself, namely Hadar, but does not treat that name. Their conclusion: Hadar Is Exalted. Other scholars believe that the name Hadoram comes from Hadad and is in fact a contraction of Hadadram, which would mean Hadad Is Exalted (the name Hadadram doesn't occur in the Bible but a similar duality exists in the names Hadadezer and Hadarezer). But that would make our name related to the verb חדה, meaning to thunder or make noise:
Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names sees more in דור (dor) meaning generation, from the verb דור (dur):
Jones' conclusion: A Noble Generation.
All very well, think the scholars behind BDB Theological Dictionary, and list הדרם (Rehoboam's officer) under the verb הדר (hadar), meaning to show respect:
Two out of three Biblical Hadorams are related to a king, so it's a good bet that the name Hadoram is based on the verb hadar, and means either Exalted Glory, or (seen as a plural) Honors/ Splendors/ Ornaments.