🔼The name Jehoram in the Bible
- To make the confusion even greater, "Jehoram [son of Ahab] became king [over Israel] in the second year of Jehoram, the son of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah," according to 2 Kings 1:17, but according to 2 Kings 8:16, "in the fifth year of Joram, son of Ahab, king of Israel [ ] Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, became king". He was as evil as the kings of Israel and even married Ahab daughter (2 Kings 8:18).
According to the Chronicler, king Jehoshaphat was somewhat virtuous but his son Jehoram made a fine mess of things. He started his reign by killing his six brothers (Azariah, Jehiel, Zechariah, Azariahu, Michael and Shephatiah — 2 Chronicles 21:2-4) as well as some local leaders of Israel. Then he caused the perpetual revolt of Edom and Libnah (21:10) and built centers of worship for gods other than YHWH (21:11). Right before the Philistines and Arabs plundered his house and abducted his wives and sons, Elijah the Tishbite foretold his death by disease. Two years later he died in horrible agony, and no one mourned for him. He was then 40 years old (21:20).
- The other king Jehoram was also not very good, although he wasn't as bad as his father Ahab (2 Kings 3:2). A man named Jehu, who was a son of another Jehoshaphat, assassinated king Jehoram, and ditched his body on the field of Naboth of Jezreel (9:25), and succeeded Jehoram as king over Israel.
- A Levitical teacher in the days of king Jehoshaphat, king of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:8).
The names of both kings Jehoram are contracted to Joram (יורם) in 2 Kings 8 and some other places.
🔼Etymology of the name Jehoram
The name Jehoram consists of two elements, the first one being יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton; the name of the Lord: YHWH.
The second part of the name Jehoram comes from the verb רום (rum), meaning to be high or lofty:
For a meaning of the name Jehoram, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Yahweh Is High. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes The Lord Exalts and BDB Theological Dictionary suggests Yah Is Exalted.