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Meaning and etymology of the name Salem

Salem Salem

Salem is the place where Melchizedek housed (Genesis 14:18). After the war of Four against Five Kings, Abraham's nephew Lot is abducted and Abraham sets out with a small army to rescue him. When they do, they loot the abductors while they're at it, and bring back the spoils. This causes gratitude among the locals, among whom king Melchizedek of Salem.

Melchizedek achieves legendary status in the Bible, also because the town called Salem is renamed at some point, and becomes known as Jerusalem. According to Psalm 76:2 God's tabernacle is in Salem.

Originally the name Salem probably had to do with a Ugaritic god, but transliterated this name neatly concurs with the Hebrew word Salem (shalem) meaning to be complete, sound. The similar derivative Salem (shalem) means perfect, whole full. Another derivative is shalom (shalom) meaning peace.

Most translators interpret the name Salem with Peace or At Peace (NOBS Study Bible Name List, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) but more accurate is Perfect or Complete.

Other names that derive from the root shalem are: Absalom, Abishalom, Meshullam, Meshillemoth, Meshelemiah, Meshullemeth, Salome, Shallum, Shallun, Shalman, Shalmaneser, Shelemiah, Shelomi, Shelomith, Shelomoth, Shelumiel, Shillem, Shillemites, Sholomoh, Shulammite, Solomon.



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