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Meaning and etymology of the name Tyre




Tyre Tyre, sar


Tyre is the Latin name for the famous Phoenician city often mentioned together with Sidon (Joshua 10:29). Famous Tyrians are Hiram, the builder of the temple of Solomon, and Jezebel the wife of king Ahab.

The Semitic, and thus original, name for Tyre is pronounced Zor or Zur. In Biblical Hebrew this name looks exactly like words coming off the swr (1897-1901) and sarar (1973-1975) root-groups. More specifically, scholars assume that the Hebrew name for Tyre, Tyre, equals the regular word sur (sur) meaning rock (Jeremiah 21:13, Job 14:18). In Deuteronomy 32:31 the author compares the gods of the nations to the living God and says, "Indeed, their rock is not like our Rock."

See the relate name Mizraim for an extensive treatment of these root-groups. See the similar name Zur for possible implied meanings of the Biblical name of Tyre.

For a meaning of the Hebrew name for Tyre, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads Rock. NOBS Study Bible Name List does not translate.






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