🔼The name Beth-zur in the Bible
There are one town and what appears to be one man named Beth-zur in the Bible:
- Beth-zur the man is a son of Maon of Judah, although it's not unlikely that this Beth-zur is actually a town and Maon its founder or mayor (1 Chronicles 2:45). In the verses that follow we also come across the "fathers" of such well-known towns as Kiriath-jearim (2:50) and Bethlehem (2:51).
- Beth-zur the town is mentioned first as the post-invasion inheritance of the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:58). It still existed in the time of the kings, when king Rehoboam of Judah fortified it along with some other Judaic settlements (2 Chronicles 11:7). It grew to an influential town, even so much that by the time of the return from the Babylonian exile, one of the restoration workers was the son of Azbuk, who was the official over half the district of Beth-zur, suggesting that the whole district was too large for one man to handle (Nehemiah 3:16).
🔼Etymology of the name Beth-zur
The name Beth-zur consists of two elements. The first part is identical to the common Hebrew word בית (bayit) meaning house:
The second part of our name appears to be the common noun צור (sur), meaning rock, but can in fact be any of the below:
For a meaning of the name Beth-zur, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads House Of A Rock. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has House Of The Rock. And BDB Theological Dictionary proposes House Of Rock.