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Irad meaning

עירד
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🔼The name Irad in the Bible

The one and only Irad in the Bible is the son of Enoch, son of Cain (Genesis 4:18).

🔼Etymology and meaning of the name Irad

The meaning of the name Irad is disputed since there is no such word in the Hebrew language. It may be a combination (or rather a contraction) of two words.

Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names derives Irad from two words, the first one being עיר (ir) meaning city:

Abarim Publications' Theological Dictionary

Loading: עיר (or click this link)

The second part of the name Irad, according to Alfred Jones, comes from the root-verb עוד (ud) meaning to return or repeat:

Abarim Publications' Theological Dictionary

Loading: יעד (or click this link)

So doing Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names concludes that Irad means City Of Witness.

NOBSE Study Bible Name List thinks differently and apparently matches the name Irad up with a cluster of mysterious names that may come from a non-Biblical root ערד ('rd):

Abarim Publications' Theological Dictionary

Loading: ערד (or click this link)

So doing NOBSE Study Bible Name List concludes that Irad means Fugitive.

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