🔼The name Beth-arbel in the Bible
The name Beth-arbel occurs only once in the Bible, and that in a rather obscure reference. The prophet Hosea foretells a tumult to arise among the people of Judah and Ephraim and the destruction of their fortresses the way Shalman destroyed Beth-arbel (Hosea 10:14).
It's not clear who this Shalman might have been, but he might be the same as the Assyrian king Shalmaneser, and he might also be a certain king Shalamanu of Moab, who is mentioned on an inscription commissioned by Tiglath-pileser III.
The town called Beth-arbel may or may not be the same as Arbela in Galilee, as mentioned in 1 Maccabees 9:1 and by Josephus in Antiquities XII.xi.1.
🔼Etymology of the name Beth-arbel
The name Beth-arbel consists of three elements. The first part is identical to the common Hebrew word בית (bayit) meaning house:
The second part of our name comes from the verb ארב ('arab), meaning to lie in wait or ambush:
For a meaning of the name Beth-arbel, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads House Of God's Ambush and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has the similar House Of The Ambush Of God. BDB Theological Dictionary does not interpret the name Beth-arbel.